français | español | english
Fondo Documental Dinámico
sobre la gobernanza de los recursos naturales en el mundo

The Land Question in Contemporary Rural India

SSER Monograph 21/2

Escrito por: Vikas Rawal, Vaishali Bansal

Fecha de redaccion:

Organizaciones: Society for Social and Economic Research (SSER), Jawaharlal Nehru University (INDIA) (JNU)

Tipo de documento: Artículo científico


Resolution of the land question in contemporary rural India remains an unfinished task and a critical issue. With neoliberalism as the dominant ideology guiding state policy, Indian state has abdicated the responsibility of implementing land reforms. This makes it even more important for people interested in progressive change to revisit the land question and the need for land reforms.

What is the land question in rural India today? How unequally is land distributed in rural India and how has land distribution changed over time? What have been the trends in respect of landlessness in rural India? Are land reforms still relevant?

This paper deals with these concerns. It presents a detailed analysis of data on landholdings in an attempt to answer some of these questions.

The paper is organised as follows.

  • In Section 2, we discuss the data and their limitations.

  • Section 3 presents a discussion on the extent of landlessness in Indian states and in India. It also discusses disparities in land ownership among different social groups and gender.

  • In Section 4, we present data on inequality in ownership of land in India. In this section, we specifically examine whether there has been a proliferation of very small holdings in India and if the large landholdings have disintegrated in recent times.

  • Section 5 presents a discussion on variation in incidence and forms of tenancy in India.

In the concluding section, we argue that the evidence presented in the paper points at continued relevance of land reforms in India.

Vikas Rawal is Professor at the Centre for Economic Studies and Planning, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. He is a member of AGTER.

Vaishali Bansal is a Research Scholar at the Centre for Economic Studies and Planning, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi.

Descargar el documento



Zona geográfica